July 9, 2021

Running containers on Firecracker microVMs using kata on kubernetes

This is the first of a number of posts regarding the orchestration, deployment and scaling of containerized applications in VM sandboxes using kubernetes, kata-containers and AWS Firecracker microVMs. We have gathered some notes during the installation and configuration of the necessary components and we thought they might be useful to the community, especially with regards to the major pain points in trying out recent open-source projects and technologies. About Orchestration, the Edge, and Kata Containers To manage and orchestrate containers in a cluster, the community is using kubernetes (k8s), a powerful, open-source system for automating the deployment, scaling and management of containerized applications.
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December 4, 2020

Hardware acceleration in the Age of Functions (vol II)

In our previous post we spoke about the potential solutions for deploying serverless offerings with hardware acceleration support. With the increasing adoption of the serverless and FaaS paradigms, providers will need to offer some form of hardware acceleration semantics. For some time now, Amazon has identifed this as a “compelling use case” for their AWS Firecracker hypervisor which powers the Amazon Lambda service. What is more, they identify traditional techniques for GPU support in VMs such as GPU passthrough comes with limitations and significantly increases the attack surface of the hypervisor.
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June 1, 2020

Hardware acceleration in the Age of Functions

The debate on how to deploy applications, monoliths or micro services, is in full swing. Part of this discussion relates to how the new paradigm incorporates support for accessing accelerators, e.g. GPUs, FPGAs. That kind of support has been made available to traditional programming models the last couple of decades and its tooling has evolved to be stable and standardized. On the other hand, what does it mean for a serverless setup to access an accelerator?
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February 26, 2020

Fosdem 2020

Earlier this month we visited FOSDEM, an absolutely open and free event for developers, open-source vendors and enthusiasts to meet, share their ideas and news, and discuss the latest in open source. Talks at FOSDEM are usually organized within several sections: Keynotes, Main tracks, Developer rooms and Lightning talks. Some people from our team had visited before, but for most of us first timers it was really exciting. Packed keynotes, busy dev rooms, people chatting outside, over coffee, beer, or snacks!
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October 21, 2019

Build a single-app rootfs for Firecracker MicroVMs

Spawning applications in the cloud has been made super easy using container frameworks such as docker. For instance running a simple command like the following docker run --rm -v /path/to/nginx-files:/etc/nginx nginx spawns an NGINX web server, provided you customize config files and the actual HTML files to be served. This process, inherits NGINX’s stock docker hub rootfs, and spawns it as a docker container in a generic Linux container host.
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